Industrial and occupational safety

The Company’s long-term strategy in industrial and occupational safety aims to achieve the ‘Goal – Zero’ by introducing advanced technologies and production control and developing a safety culture.

Improving the industrial safety management system is one of Gazprom Neft’s most important priorities. The Company strives to continuously improve industrial safety levels, performs comprehensive work to minimise the rate of equipment failure and industrial injury, and also introduces best practices and advanced technologies in this area.

The Company’s main programmes to improve industrial and occupational safety levels include:

  • an expert assessment of equipment safety and harmonising production facilities with the requirements of industrial safety standards and rules;
  • the modernisation of emergency shutdown systems;
  • the prevention and management of emergency situations;
  • monitoring compliance with industrial safety requirements;
  • ensuring safe work conditions and organising work stations that meet government and corporate standards;
  • providing employees with personal protective gear;
  • measures to protect workers’ health;
  • comprehensive training of company employees in HSE, OS and CD;
  • studying and introducing advanced technologies in this area.

When incidents occur, the Company conducts investigations and then develops and introduces an action plan that minimises the risk of the incident reoccurring. All the Company’s subsidiaries carry out preventive measures in accordance with the action plans.

When developing plans for industrial and occupational safety programmes, the Company relies on a map of HSE, OS and CD risks that are regularly updated.

Main risks in industrial and occupational safety and measures to minimise them
Risk Preventive measures
Equipment failure
  • Expert assessment of equipment, timely repairs and modernisation of production facilities
Violation of rules for organising high risk work
  • Training employees in organising work and industrial safety
  • Monitoring compliance with work organisation requirements
  • Developing a culture of safe conduct
Violations of legislative requirements and safety rules by contractors
  • Inclusion of requirements on compliance with Russian and corporate industrial and occupational safety in agreements with contractors
  • Production control
  • Monitoring and assessment of work efficiency by suppliers in this sphere when performing contractual obligations
  • Involvement of suppliers in the Company’s activities to improve safety culture

Industrial and occupational safety risk assessment is regulated by the Gazprom Neft Standard and is part of the Company’s integrated risk management system. The Company uses the advanced international methods HAZID/ENVID, HAZOP, Bow-Tie and PHSER to assess man-made risks during the facility design, construction, operation and liquidation stages. The methods used to assess professional risks aim to ensure that employees do not start work without confidence in its safe performance.

Geotechnical monitoring

In 2016, Messoyakhaneftegaz established a geotechnical monitoring division, which is an analytical unit that aims to assess and forecast risks in the construction and operation of administrative facilities and oilfield infrastructure on frozen soil.

The work carried out in 2016 resulted in a reduction in the number of incidents at the Company’s production facilities and a further decline in the LTIFR. However, to the Company’s deepest regret, fatal accidents in the workplace were not fully eliminated. The Company deeply mourns this fact and is doing everything it can to prevent such tragedies from reoccurring. Special commissions formed to investigate each incident conducted a detailed analysis of each accident, identified their causes and took action to minimise the risk of such incidents reoccurring. The results of the investigations were reviewed at meetings of the HSE, OS and CD Committee.

Efficiency and ease of perception are the main criteria for selecting safe conduct training techniques. The ‘Five Steps’ risk assessment meets this criteria. The algorithm helps a person to approach any work in the most deliberate and responsible way possible and not start it without being certain that it will be performed in a safe manner.
Aydar Sarvarov Director of the SACS (Security Activities Control System) Introduction Programme of the Upstream Division
Virtual training

Gazpromneft-Logistics introduced virtual training during the reporting year. Using virtual reality glasses, employees find themselves on a ‘real’ scaffold where they learn about the intended purpose of certain equipment whose functions are displayed on pop-up windows. As the users look around, a diagram of the equipment, a work description, sources of high risk as well as a simulation of emergency and accident situations all appear right next to the equipment.

In 2016, the Company continued introducing new risk assessment techniques and new production control methods in accordance with these techniques. The Company introduced the ‘Five Steps’ professional risk assessment algorithm, which enables employees to take a responsible approach to the performance of production activities and tentatively assess their risks. The assessment is made based on the following key areas: movement, height, pressure, electricity, combustion, toxicity, temperature and personnel.

A new type of production control that was introduced in 2015 – a leadership behavioural safety audit – gained traction during the reporting year. It consists of a manager observing an employee’s work and then holding a discussion about safe or hazardous behavioural strategies. This approach helps to establish the proper behavioural model for the employee, correct dangerous behaviour and also identify why work is performed in violation of safety rules and assess the effectiveness of industrial and occupational safety activities. The audit results are analysed and based on the results a list of actions is prepared for the subsidiary which must be performed to improve safety at this enterprise.

We won’t achieve ‘Goal – Zero’ unless each of us makes safety an important part of our daily work. We must be the bearers of the safety culture and encourage our subordinates to have maximum engagement, meet safety requirements and demand their execution from others.
Anatoly Cherner Gazprom Neft Deputy CEO of the Downstream Division
Number of injuries in workplace accidents (people) Source: Company data
Number of deaths in workplace accidents (people) Source: Company data
The Company spent more than RUB 41.704 billion on HSE, OS and CD measures in 2016 (excluding joint and foreign assets). The significant increase in HSE, OS and CD expenses is due to the implementation of a project to improve safe conduct culture at the Company.

The work carried out in 2016 resulted in a reduction in the number of incidents at the Company’s production facilities and a further decline in the LTIFR. However, to the Company’s deepest regret, fatal accidents in the workplace were not fully eliminated. The Company deeply mourns this fact and is doing everything it can to prevent such tragedies from reoccurring. Special commissions formed to investigate each incident conducted a detailed analysis of each accident, identified their causes and took action to minimise the risk of such incidents reoccurring. The results of the investigations were reviewed at meetings of the HSE, OS and CD Committee.

Number of incidents at hazardous production facilities (сases) Source: Company data
Number of accidents at hazardous production facilities (сases) Source: Company data

During work on a compressor at the Moscow Oil Refinery, there was an explosion of hydrogen-containing gas when a cylinder flange ruptured, which resulted in the death of one employee. To prevent such incidents in the future, the Company implemented preventive measures, including changes to the system for production control, equipment repair and the designation and access of personnel, updating the production, job and occupational safety descriptions based on an investigation and introducing a system to stop hazardous work.

LTIFR injury rate Source: Company data

In Kyrgyzstan, an accident occurred when a driver was repairing a vehicle. To prevent similar situations in the future, the Company conducted an audit of all repair areas, banned repairs in service pits and conducted a risk assessment for mechanical work. In the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District-Yugra, a contractor’s driver was killed in a car accident. The investigation resulted in quarterly checks being instituted to test the traffic safety knowledge of contractors’ drivers and additional training being conducted as part of a ‘Defensive Driving’ programme.

Transport and fire safety
We consulted with airlines when drafting the safe air transport strategy. Gazprom Neft will start introducing the most effective practices selected from these sessions during its 2018 contracting campaign.
Andrey Patrushev Deputy CEO of the Offshore Project Development Division

The Gazprom Neft transport safety programme includes production control, safe driving training, on-the-job training and instructions on safety issues and monthly ‘Stopwatches’, or meetings on HSE, OS and CD issues.

In 2016, the Company began employing project teams whose job is to improve safety in priority areas for Gazprom Neft such as air, water and motor transport. A development roadmap through the end of 2019 has been created for each area.

Road safety
Gazpromneft-Transport installed special equipment designed to improve traffic safety on all its petrol tankers. An electronic speed restriction programme was connected to sensors mounted on vehicle pedals. Once the maximum allowed speed is reached, the flow of air and fuel to the engine is restricted and the petrol tanker cannot go any faster. The driver also hears a warning signal indicating that the tanker has reached its maximum speed.

The ‘Air Transport Safety’ project team started working on creating and introducing an air transport standard consistent with international practices. In 2016, the team drafted documents governing requirements for aviation contractors, aircraft, airline personnel training and the infrastructure of arrival/departure points in an effort to organise such activities.

In ‘Water Transport Safety’ the Company conducted an analysis of business processes used to support water transportation jointly with the Russian Maritime Register and came up with recommendations to optimise them. Qualification requirements were also drafted in fire and occupational safety for employees, contractors and charterers. The Company inspected vessels based on these requirements and organised training for crews.

>41,000 employees trained in workplace emergency actions in 2016

Gazprom Neft’s work to improve motor transport safety focused on several areas and covered the entire perimeter of operations: from developing a transport strategy and unified requirements for drivers and transport vehicles to analysing the data of on-board monitoring systems and training the Company’s personnel and contractors.

Gazprom Neft is working to standardise fire safety control systems, introduce requirements for the fire protection of facilities and implement fire safety programmes.

Emergency management response

In an effort to ensure civil defence, the Company is improving the sustainability of its production facilities when emergencies arise and training employees in actions to take in the event of emergencies, including work in challenging climatic conditions. The Company held over 600 exercises and training sessions involving more than 7,000 people during the reporting year. More than 41,000 employees received workplace training on actions to take in the event of emergencies.

Сomprehensive exercises

Gazpromneft-Yamal conducted comprehensive exercises for the first time in winter at the Arctic terminal near the Cape of Kamenny on the Yamal Peninsula. The event featured teams using emergency equipment to contain and mitigate the results of an emergency situation involving a simulated oil spill from a sea-based tanker. The exercises involved the unique Baltika icebreaker, which was designed to handle oil spills and conduct rescue operations. The vessel has an asymmetric hull and is equipped with three engines that enable it to move in any direction. This is advantageous when collecting oily surface waters and also when working in icy conditions.

Occupational health and safety

The Company is implementing a long-term disease prevention strategy as part of which personnel regularly undergo medical check-ups, clinical examinations and vaccinations, training on first aid methods and other measures. Gazprom Neft holds ‘Health Days’ each year during which employees can receive an express analysis and diagnosis of their condition along with consultations on how to provide paramedical first aid.

During the reporting year, the Upstream Division modified its approach to emergency response processes and expert examinations concerning occupational fitness. Under the new approach, the provision of emergency medical response resources must be consistent with the risk assessment of the life and health of employees. The assessment takes into account the work and living conditions as well as the climatic and geographic factors of each facility. The occupational fitness exam is structured so as to reliably determine an employee’s ability to safely perform work and includes a mandatory risk assessment of cardiovascular disease based on the medical examination results.

Upstream Division subsidiaries have now established a system of pre-shift medical check-ups using Electronic Medical Examination System (EMES) equipment, transferred pre-flight medical check-ups to the shift assembly location and use mobile teams to conduct daily selective testing of people who violate anti-alcohol or anti-drug policies.

Gazprom Neft declared 2016 the ‘Year of Occupational Safety’ and conducted the following key events:

  • communication sessions for ‘Top-1000’ executives involving 2,000 people;
  • ‘Direct Dialogue’ communications sessions attended by 60,000 employees of the Company and its contractors. The dialogues involved practical group work with an analysis of accidents and a discussion of the safety culture level;
  • an Industrial Safety Department was opened at the Corporate University;
  • more than 600 executives underwent training in leadership behavioural audit methodology;
  • an information campaign was conducted to prevent falls at all subsidiaries;
  • more than 1,300 injury prevention measures were carried out at subsidiaries;
  • four Safety Culture Conferences were held;
  • an Industrial Safety Contest was launched.

The Company’s activities in occupational health and safety during the reporting year were publicly recognised. Gazprom Neft received a number of prestigious awards during the Russian Occupational Safety Week in Sochi from 19-22 April. The ‘Occupational Safety in the Office’ online training course in 2016 took first place and earned a gold medal in the ‘Health and Safety-2015’ contest (in the nomination ‘Development and introduction of innovative systems and methods for training specialists in occupational safety’).

The Gazpromneft-Shelf project ‘Development and introduction of technologies for the safe washing, cleaning and degassing of oil storage tanks for offshore oil and gas gravity-based structures’ won first place and a gold medal at the ‘Health and Safety-2015’ contest (in the nomination ‘Safe working conditions monitoring and support methodology’).

We strived to use innovative methods when creating the ‘Occupational Safety in the Office’ interactive course. The online court is built on real-world examples and links theory with daily activities. This marks the first time a course with such content and format has been developed and introduced in Russian practice.
Oleg Nikolayenko Head of the Gazprom Neft Industrial Safety Department